The Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (ICMM) is an institute of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC) (Spanish National Research Council) founded in December 1986, that belongs to the Area of Science and Technology of Materials, one of the eight Areas in which the CSIC divides its research activities.


Our mission is to create new fundamental and applied knowledge in materials of high technological impact, their processing and their transfer to the productive sectors at local, national and European scales (the true value of materials is in their use), the training of new professionals, and the dissemination of the scientific knowledge.

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Forthcoming Events


Antimonene: Experiments and theory of surface conductivity
Juan José Palacios  read more


Control of Hole Spin in Lateral Gated Quantum Dot Devices
Marek Korkusinski  read more


Nuestros ojos sufren el exceso de luz por el uso de nuevas tecnologías

Celia Sánchez Ramos  read more

Highly selective covalent organic functionalization of epitaxial graphene

Rebeca A. Bueno, José I. Martínez, Roberto F. Luccas, Nerea Ruiz del Árbol, Carmen Munuera, Irene Palacio, Francisco J. Palomares, Koen Lauwaet, Sangeeta Thakur, Jacek M. Baranowski, Wlodek Strupinski, María F. López, Federico Mompean, Mar García-Her

Graphene functionalization with organics is expected to be an important step for the development of graphene-based materials with tailored electronic properties. However, its high chemical inertness makes difficult a controlled and selective covalent functionalization, and most of the works performed up to the date report electrostatic molecular adsorption or unruly functionalization. We show hereafter a mechanism for promoting highly specific covalent bonding of any amino-terminated molecule and a description of the operating processes. We show, by different experimental techniques and theoretical methods, that the excess of charge at carbon dangling-bonds formed on single-atomic vacancies at the graphene surface induces enhanced reactivity towards a selective oxidation of the amino group and subsequent integration of the nitrogen within the graphene network. Remarkably, functionalized surfaces retain the electronic properties of pristine graphene. This study opens the door for development of graphene-based interfaces, as nano-bio-hybrid composites, fabrication of dielectrics, plasmonics or spintronics.

Nature Communications

Series of experimental and theoretical STM images showing the dependence of the image morphological shape with the applied tunnelling bias for Vs=-700, -500 and -300mV at constant-current regime. (a–c) Experimental images; (d–f) Theoretical STM images; (g–i) Theoretical 3D topographical STM images.

ICMM-2017 - Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain. Tel: +34 91 334 9000. Fax: +34 91 372 0623. info@icmm.csic.es